Andy also presented a poster at the Schaap Symposium…
Cyclopropenium Donors for Linked Donor-Acceptor Systems for Symmetric Nonaqueous Redox Flow Batteries
Andrew Rajewski, Adina Dumitrascu, Jason G. Gillmore, Thomas F. Guarr
A series of molecules containing electron donor (D) and electron acceptor (A) moieties are being explored for future use in symmetric organic redox flow batteries (RFBs). The synthesis, characterization and preliminary electrochemical investigation of these molecules will be described. Past studies in the group have looked at heterocyclic donors. This work focuses on the synthesis of cyclopropenium donors for use in linked donor-acceptor systems. Cyclopropenium donors have been studied in recent years and have shown promising properties for use in RFBs (>=0.8 V vs. Fc/Fc+, <3% loss of storage capacity over 200 cycles).) Linking these donors to acceptors in linked systems allows for a symmetric RFB that eliminates the ubiquitous and expensive ion exchange membrane used in typical RFBs. Because the membrane can account for up to 40% of cell costs, this could represent an important opportunity to improve the economics of employing flow batteries for grid-level energy storage applications.
- Sanford, Adv. Energy Mater., 2016 7(5), 1602027
Mike will be finishing up his engineering degree at Hope College this fall and continuing his work with us throughout the year. He joined us this summer to work on supercapacitor applications.
Nickel (II) and Copper (II) tetraaminophthalocyanines for Supercapacitor Applications
Michael T Giurini, Kevin Klunder, Thomas F. Guarr
As the world embraces renewable energy sources and moves away from fossil fuels, the demand for efficient ways to store energy has increased substantially. Supercapacitors can be used to enhance energy efficiency. While they store less energy than batteries, they can absorb and release it at a much faster rate. Conductive polymers produced from nickel, copper, and cobalt tetraaminophthalocyanines can be used to fabricate electrochemical double layer capacitors (EDLC) with unique electric storage properties. Using cyclic voltammetry, these compounds can be electropolymerized to form thin films, which can then be conditioned with an annealing process to act as EDLC’s. Studies to determine the optimal conditions for electropolymerization and conditioning will be reported. The polymerization and annealing process was tested with various electrolytes, solvents, and electrode surfaces. Resulting polymer films were analyzed electrochemically and by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to determine the impact of these variables on EDLC formation.
Tara is returning after a successful summer at OESL and Jolt Energy to the University of Chicago to finish up her Physics degree. We are very happy Tara was flexible enough to agree to work for Jolt Energy and collaborate with the OESLab during her summer here. She was greatly instrumental in setting up and controlling the latest prototype flow battery.
Due to scheduling and disclosure issues, she was not able to present a poster this summer, but she did participate in the Schaap Symposium with us and we really enjoyed her time with us.
Zach joined us for the summer after graduating from Alma College. He is studying for his PhD in Inorganic Chemistry at Notre Dame University this fall.
Stability and Decomposition Pathways of Potential Redox Shuttles and Non-aqueous Catholytes
Zachary S. Lincoln, Adina Dumitrascu, Jason G. Gillmore, Thomas F. Guarr
The Organic Energy Storage Laboratory has prepared a variety of carbazole and phenothiazine derivatives as potential catholytes for non-aqueous redox flow batteries and as redox shuttles for lithium ion batteries. Their stabilities, beyond reversible voltammograms, has not been assessed; nor have their potential decomposition pathways. Using Ion-Trap Mass Spectrometry (ITMS), the decomposition of these compounds can be investigated. Additionally, deuterium-labelled analogs were prepared and characterized by GC-MS, 1H and 13C NMR, and ITMS to confirm the decomposition pathways observed in protio derivatives.
It was a great summer, Zach. Thanks for spending it with us and best wishes for your experience at Notre Dame.
Isabelle Zelaya joined us this summer from the University of Michigan. She is starting her senior undergraduate year this fall studying Chemistry. Izzy’s curiosity was a pleasure to have in the lab.
Synthesis and UV/Vis Analysis of Linked Donor-Acceptor Compounds
Isabele Zelaya, Dr. Thomas F. Guarr
Our group has prepared a variety of molecules containing electron donors covalently linked to electron acceptors (DA compounds) for redox flow battery applications. Beyond their use in energy storage, these DA compounds were expected to have interesting spectroscopic properties. It was expected that photoinduced electron transfer from the donor to the acceptor would produce spectroscopic peaks not present in the isolated donor and acceptor compounds. By comparing the UV-Vis spectra of the individual donors and acceptors to the DA compounds, it is theoretically possible to subtract out the signature of the donor and acceptor, leaving only this charge transfer band. Such bands have proven elusive in molecules with flexible, saturated linkers, which have been the most widely investigated type. The synthesis and study of some systems with more rigid, conjugated linkers will also be presented. Systems with longer flexible saturated linkers, which may allow pi-pi interaction between donor and acceptor groups, are also proposed.
Thanks for spending the summer with us, Izzy. Enjoy your senior year and keep in touch. We are curious to see what your future holds.
We traveled to Chicago on a beautiful day and toured Argonne National Lab. Sixteen thumbs up!
Mike in a “melted-down” reactor core…
ATLAS, the Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System…
Andy is impressed…
Advanced Photon Source: X-rays for research…
One of the battery labs, where the magic happens…
Many thanks to Argonne for showing us around! It was a wonderful tour.
Thank you once again to New Holland for treating us to a tour of their brewery and distillery. Our tour guide Shawn did a great job. Considering “Brewmaster” for my next career title.
Tom Guarr, Anthony Porath and Andrew Rajewski traveled to Dallas to present two posters at the Electrochemical Society conference. They ran into a former intern, Nora Shaheen, who is currently completing her PhD at Case Western.
Here is a link to the TEDx talk that Tom Guarr recently performed. Give it a listen to hear about the future of energy storage. We are developing batteries that convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy for applications that can range from large utilities to single family dwellings.
http://Energy Storage: The Key to Clean, Reliable Electricity for Everyone | Tom Guarr | TEDxMacatawa